Violence and Harmony

ANGEL APPLICANT, 1939

ANGEL APPLICANT, 1939

Writing in his journal in the late 1920s, Max Horkheimer, painfully aware of the violence that had been tearing German apart for a decade, stubbornly retained his pacifist disposition, though haunted by its evident limitations.

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LETHAL HARMONY AT THE HOTEL EDEN

At roughly the same time, far to the south of Germany in the Transvaal, Mahatma Gandhi proposed a way out of this impasse through the idea of satyagraha, “soul force, pure and simple”. He writes:

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The_Wounded_Angel_-_Hugo_Simberg


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